The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization. They are the original scriptures of teachings and contain philosophical, material and spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of our life. “Veda” means wisdom, knowledge or vision. The laws of the Vedas regulate the philosophical traditions, social, legal, domestic and religious customs.
Each Veda consists of four parts – the Samhitas (hymns), the Brahmanas (rituals), the Aranyakas (theologies) and the Upanishads (philosophies). The collection of mantras or hymns is called the Samhita. The Brahmanas are ritualistic texts and include precepts and religious duties. Each Veda has several Brahmanas attached to it. The Upanishads form the concluding portions of the Vedas and therefore called the “Vedanta” or the end of the Veda and contain the essence of Vedic teachings. The Upanishads and the Aranyakas are the concluding portions of the Brahmanas, which discuss philosophical issues. The Aryanyakas (forest texts) serve as the objects of meditation for ascetics who live in forests and deal with mysticism and symbolism.
The research works carried out in the department focus on different areas of Vedic Literature viz. Rgveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, Atharva Veda, Brahman, Aranyaka, Upanishadas, Srauta Sutras, Grhya Sutra etc.